Shenandoah Valley Appraisal, Inc. has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Define the term "Appraisal"
Define the term "Appraisal"(Top) The procedure of writing an appraisal consists of an inspection which leads to an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is figured using a formal method that generally utilizes the three main "common approaches to value". The Cost Approach is one of the processes that real estate appraisers use to find the value of a home; it involves discerning what the improvements would cost less physical depreciation, adding the land value. Easily the most common approach in finding the likely sales price of a home is the Sales Comparison Approach which concerns concluding a comparison to comparable houses close by. Usually, the Sales Comparison Approach is the most definite indicator of market value of a residential property. One of the least common approaches in appraising houses is the Income Approach, which is generally used to find the market value of a property based on what an investor would pay based on the income produced by the property.
Describe what an appraiser does(Top) An appraiser provides a professional, unbiased determination of market value, to be used in making real estate transactions. Appraisers summarize their expert analysis in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons someone would need a real estate appraisal?(Top) There are a lot of reasons to purchase an appraisal from Shenandoah Valley Appraisal, Inc. with the most common reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Some other reasons for obtaining an report include:
Is an appraisal the same as a home inspection? (Top)Home inspectors do not provide an opinion of value and do not use the same forms as appraisers. A third-party home inspector will judge the structure of the property, from the roof to the bottom. The standard house inspector's report will include an evaluation of the integrity of the property's heating systems, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems, the roof, attic, and visible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors, the foundation, basement, and visible structure.
My agent performed a CMA for me. Is that the same as an appraisal?(Top) Simply put, it's like comparing Shakespeare to reality TV. What the CMA depends on are ill-defined trends. An appraisal is based on comparable sales that can be proven by public record. In addition, the appraisal verifies other factors like condition, location and construction costs. All a CMA does is generate a "ball park figure." Delivering a defensible and careful analysis, an appraisal will give a clear opinion of value.
But the most significant factor is the person doing the report. Real estate agents produce CMA's, and they don't always know the whole market or have specific competence when it comes to home valuation. The appraisal is created by a licensed, certified professional who has made a career out of valuing properties. Likewise, the agent has a vested interest in the property's selling price whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to collect only a previously agreed upon sum for work they perform, regardless of their value conclusion.
What does the appraisal report contain? (Top)Every appraisal should demonstrate a credible estimate of value and should identify the following:
After completing the report, what assurance is there that the value indicated is legitimate?(Top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who engages the services of appraisers?(Top) Most of the time, appraisers are employed by mortgage lenders to estimate the value of a home involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the house is truly adequate collateral for the loan. Attorneys and CPAs also retain the services of appraisers for asset division and estate settlements.
Where does Shenandoah Valley Appraisal, Inc. get the data used to estimate values in Augusta County or other areas?(Top) One of the main activities of an appraiser is to collect property data. Data can be described as either Specific or General. Specific data is collected from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are documented by the appraiser while on site.
General data is received from a many places. To research recently sold homes to be used as "comps", an appraiser will typically go to the local Multiple Listing Service. To double-check actual sales prices, we look at items in the assessor's office and other public documents that are usually online nowadays. Appraisers routinely need to report when a property is in a flood zone, and that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood product.
And most importantly, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her past experience in creating appraisals for other houses in the same market.
What can a full appraisal do for me?(Top) Any time the value of your home or other real property is being used to make a significant financial decision, an appraisal helps. When selling your house, an appraisal assists you in setting a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. When buying, be sure you're not overpaying by commissioning an independent appraisal. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. A home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Without knowing its real value, wise financial decisions are impossible.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Top) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. It protects the lender in case a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the market price of the property is lower than what is owed on the loan. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
How do I get ready for the appraiser?(Top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general condition of its features. On the home's interior, make sure it is clutter free and that we can get to things like furnaces and water heaters. In the yard, trim any landscaping so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of exterior walls.
To help expedite our work plus ensure a more accurate report, try if possible to have the following items:
What does "Market Value" mean?(Top) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(Top) For mortgage transactions, the lender requests the appraisal, either directly or through a third party. While the buyer pays for the report as part of the closing costs, the lender retains the right to use the report or any information contained within. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually included with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
It's different when it's the homeowner engaging the appraiser for things outside securing a mortgage. In these cases, the appraiser may define how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Are some home improvements more worthwhile than others?(Top) A home's location - what city it is in and even what part of that city - is key to this popular question. For example, if you live in a cold region, insulated windows can be a real plus. But they aren't as attractive in a warm-weather climate.
No matter where you go, however, renovating a kitchen is almost always a safe move. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, yielding 85%. On the contrary, work that may not add value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.